Research on Vectorborne Diseases
Vectorborne diseases are infectious diseases that can be transmitted by an organism, such as a tick or mosquito (also known as the vector). Some vectorborne diseases may not be considered zoonotic, however others require an animal host in the development cycle for the pathogen to become transmittable from the invertebrate vector. Over the past couple decades new vectorborne diseases have emerged, and many have changed geographical range as tick, fly and mosquito hosts expands their reach. Global travel, urbanization, and environmental hazards such as climate and habitat change all play a role in these disease trends and recent outbreaks. In Canada, we have seen emerging diseases such as Lyme and West Nile virus increase in incidence and become endemic issues requiring on going surveillance and control. Research by our members in this area is constantly growing and with outbreaks such as Zika virus happening in other areas of the world, this field will continue to expand to learn more about these diseases and how to prevent and control them.