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  • Stewart Bldg. 2502
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Jan Sargeant

Director CPHAZ   |   Professor   |   DVM, MSc, PhD (Guelph)

Profile

Areas of interest:

  • Zoonotic disease prevention and control
  • Food and water safety
  • Role of veterinary medicine in public health
  • Input of research to public health decision making
  • Epidemiological methods, reporting of research results

Co-author of the REFLECT statement (www.reflect-statement.org)

Partner in SYREAF (www.syreaf.org)

Research Interests

  • Systematic reviews in agri-food public health
  • Policy research in microbial food safety
  • Burden of gastrointestinal illness, perception of risk of gastrointestinal illness

Teaching

I contribute to teaching public health in the DVM curriculum.

I coordinate and co-teach the following graduate level courses:

      POPM*6520 Introduction to Epidemiology and Statistics (Questionnaire design component)

      POPM*6950 Systematic review and meta-analysis

 

Selected Publications

Recent publications include:

Ng V, Sargeant JM. 2015.  Prioritizing zoonotic diseases: Differences in perspectives between human and animal health professionals in North America.  Zoonoses and Public Health. Epub ahead of publication: DOI: 10.1111/zph.12220

Lambert K, Coe J, Niel L, Dewey C, Sargeant JM. 2015. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the proportion of dogs surrendered for dog-related and owner-related reasons. Prev Vet Med. 118(1):148-60.

Wisener LV, Sargeant JM, O’Connor AM, Faires MC, Glass-Kaastra. SK. 2015. The use of direct-fed microbials to reduce shedding of Escherichia coli O157 in beef cattle: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Zoonoses and Public Health. 62: 75 – 158.

O'Connor AM, Auvermann BW, Higgins JP, Kirychuk SP, Sargeant JM, Von Essen SG, Glanville JM, Wood H. 2014. The association between proximity to animal-feeding operations and community health: a protocol for updating a systematic review. Syst Rev. 3:99.

O'Connor AM, Sargeant JM. 2014. Critical appraisal of studies using laboratory animal models. ILAR J. 55(3):405-17.

Keithlin J, Sargeant J, Thomas MK, Fazil A. 2014. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the proportion of Campylobacter cases that develop chronic sequelae. BMC Public Health. 14(1):1203.

Keithlin J, Sargeant JM, Thomas MK, Fazil A. 2015. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the proportion of non-typhoidal Salmonella cases that develop chronic sequelae. Epidemiol Infect. 143(7):1333-51.

Pham M, Rajic A, Greig J, Sargeant J, Papadopoulos A, McEwen SA. 2014. A scoping review of scoping reviews: Advancing the approach and enhancing the consistency. Research Synthesis Methods, 5: 371 – 385.

O’Connor AM, Sargeant JM.  2014. Finally, the opportunity to publish systematic review protocols, systemic reviews and guidelines in animal health, animal welfare, and food safety. Animal Health Research Reviews (Editorial).15:1 – 2.

O’Connor AM, Sargeant JM. 2014. An introduction to systematic reviews in animal health, animal welfare and food safety. Animal Health Research Reviews. 15:3 – 13.

Anderson MEC, Sargeant JM, Weese JS. 2014. Video observation of hand hygiene practices during routine companion animal appointments and the effect of a poster intervention on hand hygiene compliance. BMC Veterinary Research. 10: 106.

O’Neill TJ, Sargeant JM, Poljak Z.  2014. A systematic review and meta-analysis of Phase I inactivated vaccines to reduce the shedding of Coxiella burnetii from sheep and goats from routes of public health importance. Zoonoses and Public Health. 61; 519-533.

McLinden, T, Sargeant, JM, Thomas, MK, Papadopoulos A, Fazil A. 2014. The association between component costs, study methodologies, and foodborne illness-related factors to the cost of non-typhoidal salmonella illness. Food Path Dis. 11: 718 – 726.

McLinden, T, Sargeant, JM, Thomas, MK, Papadopoulos A, Fazil A. 2014. Component costs of foodborne illness: A scoping review. BMC Public Health, 14:509  doi:10.1186/1471-2458-14-509.

Stull JW, Brophy J, Sargeant JM, Peregrine AS, Lawson ML, Ramphal R, Samson L, Bowes J, Weese JS. 2014. Knowledge, attitudes and practices related to pet contact and associated zoonoses in households with immunocompromised cancer and immunocompetent pediatric diabetes patients. Journal of Pediatrics.165(2):348-355.

Majowicz SE, Scallan E, Jones-Bitton A, Sargeant JM, Stapleton J, Angulo FJ, Yeung DH, Kirk MD. 2014. Global Incidence of Human Shiga Toxin–Producing Escherichia coli Infections and Deaths: A Systematic Review and Knowledge Synthesis. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. 11; 447-455 DOI: 10.1089/fpd.2013.1704

Sargeant JM, O’Connor AM, 2014. Introduction to systematic reviews in animal agriculture and veterinary medicine.  Zoon. Public Health. 61 (S10); 3 – 9.

Sargeant JM, Kelton DF, O’Connor AM., 2014. Study designs and systematic review of interventions: building evidence across study designs. Zoon. Public Health. 61 (S10); 10 – 17.

Sargeant JM, Kelton DF, O’Connor AM, 2014. Randomized controlled trials and challenge trials: Design and criterion for validity. Zoon. Public Health. 61 (S1); 18 – 27.

O’Connor AM, Anderson KM, Goodell CK, Sargeant JM, 2014. Conducting systematic reviews of intervention questions I: Writing the review protocol, formulating the question and searching the literature. Zoon. Public Health. 61 (S1); 28-38.

Sargeant JM, O’Connor AM., 2014. Conducting systematic reviews of intervention questions II. Relevance screening, data extraction, assessing the risk of bias, presenting the results and interpreting the findings. Zoon. Public Health. 61 (S1); 39-51.

O’Connor AM, Sargeant JM, Wang C., 2014. Conducting systematic reviews of intervention questions III: Synthesizing data from intervention studies using quantitative approaches (meta-analysis). Zoon. Public Health. 61 (S1); 52-63.

Moore IC, Coe JB, Adams CL, Conlon PD, Sargeant JM. 2014. The role of veterinary team effectiveness in job satisfaction and burnout within companion animal veterinary clinics.       JAVMA. 245(5):513-524.

Bromley KL, Sargeant JM, Jones-Bitton A, Egan C. 2014. Epidemiology of gastroenteritis outbreaks in Ontario long-term care homes, 2007-2010.  Canadian Journal of Infection Control. 29; 9 – 17.

Sargeant JM, O’Connor AM., 2014. Issues of reporting in observational studies in veterinary medicine. Prev Vet Med. 113: 323-330.

O’Connor AM, Sargeant JM., 2014. Meta-analyses including data from observational studies. Prev Vet Med. 113: 313-323.

Keithlin J, Sargeant J, Thomas MK, Fazil A. 2014. Chronic sequelae of E. coli O157: Systematic review and meta-analysis of the proportion of E. coli O157 cases that develop chronic sequelae. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. 11: 79 – 95.

O’Neill TJ, Sargeant JM, Poljak Z. 2014. The effectiveness of Coxiella burnetii vaccines in occupationally exposed populations: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Zoonoses Public Health. 61 (2), 81–96.

Procter TD, Pearl DL, Finley RL, Leonard EK, Janecko N, Reid-Smith RJ, Weese JS, Peregrine AS, Sargeant JM.  2014. A cross-sectional study examining the prevalence and risk factors for anti-microbial-resistant generic Escherichia coli in domestic dogs that frequent dog parks in three cities in South-western Ontario, Canada. Zoonosis and Public Health.  61: 208 - 218.

Procter TD, Pearl DL, Finley RL, Leonard EK, Janecko N, Reid-Smith RJ, Weese JS, Peregrine AS, Sargeant JM.  2014. A cross-sectional study examining Campylobacter and other zoonotic enteric pathogens in dogs that frequent dog parks in three cities in South-western Ontario and risk factors for shedding of Campylobacter spp. Zoonoses and Public Health. 61: 250 – 259.

Wisener LV, Sargeant JM, O’Connor AM, Faires MC, Glass-Kaastra SK, 2014. The evidentiary value of challenge trials for three pre-harvest food safety topics: A systematic assessment. Zoonoses and Public Health. 61: 449-476.

Varga C, Pearl DL, McEwen SA, Sargeant JM, Pollari F, Guerin MT. 2013. Evaluating area-level spatial clustering of Salmonella Enteritidis infections and their socioeconomic determinants in the Greater Toronto area, Ontario, Canada (2007-2009): A retrospective population-based ecological study. BMC Public Health.13:1078.

O’Connor A, Dzikamunhenga R, Sargeant J, Glanville J, Wood H. 2013. Preparatory work for future development of four scientific opinions on monitoring procedures at slaughterhouses.  External scientific report to the European Food Safety Authority. EFSA supporting publication 2013:EN-467   

Ng V, Sargeant JM. 2013. A Quantitative Approach to the Prioritization of Zoonotic Diseases in North America: A Health Professionals’ Perspective. PLoS ONE 8(8): e72172. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0072172.

Varga C, Pearl DL, McEwen SA, Sargeant JM, Pollari F, Guerin MT. 2013. Incidence, distribution, seasonality, and demographic risk factors of Salmonella Enteritidis human infections in Ontario, Canada, 2007-2009.  BMC Infectious Diseases. May 10;13:212. doi: 10.1186/1471-2334-13-212.

Stull JW, Peregrine AS, Sargeant JM, Weese JS. 2013. Pet husbandry and infection control practices related to zoonotic disease risks in Ontario, Canada. BMC Public Health. 13:520. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-520

Isaacs S, Valaitis R, Newbold KB, Black M, Sargeant J. 2013. Brokering for the primary health care needs of recent immigrant families in Atlantic, Canada.   Prim Health Care Res Dev. 14:63-79.

Isaacs S, Valaitis R, Newbold KB, Black M, Sargeant J. 2013. Competence trust among providers as fundamental to a culturally competent primary health care system for immigrant families. Prim Health Care Res Dev. 14:80-89.

Snedeker KG, Anderson ME, Sargeant JM, Weese JS. 2013. A survey of Canadian public health personnel regarding knowledge, practice and education of zoonotic diseases. Zoonoses Public Health. 60: 519-525.

Marcynuk PB, Flint JA, Sargeant JM, Jones-Bitton A, Brito AM, Luna CF, Szilassy E, Thomas MK, Lapa TM. Perez E, Costa AM. 2013. Comparison of the burden of diarrhoeal illness among individuals with and without household cisterns in northeast Brazil. BMC Infect Dis. 13: 65. doi:  10.1186/1471-2334-13-65

Smadi H, Sargeant JM. 2013. Review of Canadian literature to estimate risks associated with Salmonella in broilers from retail to consumption in Canadian homes.  Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 53: 694-705.

Smadi H, Sargeant JM. 2013. Quantitative risk assessment of human Salmonellosis in Canadian broiler chicken breast from retail to consumption. Risk Analysis. 33: 232-248.

Papadopoulos A, Sargeant JM, Majowicz SE, Sheldrick B, McKeen C, Wilson J, Dewey CE. 2012. Enhancing public trust in the food safety regulatory system. Health Policy. 107: 98 – 103.

Ng V, Sargeant JM. 2012. A Quantitative and Novel Approach to the Prioritization of Zoonotic Diseases in North America: A Public Perspective. PLoS ONE. 7(11): e48519. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0048519

O’Connor AM, Lovei GL, Eales J, Frampton GK, Glanville J, Pullin AS, Sargeant J. 2012. Implementation of systematic reviews in EFSA scientific outputs workflow (CFT/EFSA/AMU/2010/01). http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/supporting/pub/367e.htm

Stull JW, Peregrine AS, Sargeant JM, Weese JS. 2012. Household knowledge, attitudes and practices related to pet contact and associated zoonoses in Ontario, Canada. BMC Public Health. 12:553. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-12-553.

Smadi H, Sargeant JM, Shannon HS, Raina P. 2012. Growth and inactivation of Salmonella at low refrigerated storage temperatures and thermal inactivation on raw chicken meat and laboratory media: Mixed effect meta-analysis. J Epidemiol Glob Health. 2: 165-179.

Cribb et al., 2011.  Healthy animals, healthy Canada: The expert panel on approaches to animal health risk assessment.  Council of Canadian Academies.  www.scienceadvice.ca/en/assessments/completed/animal-health.aspx

Pham MT, Jones AQ, Sargeant JM, Marshall BJ, Dewey CE. 2012. Food safety issues and information needs: An online survey of public health inspectors.  Journal of Environmental Health. 74 (10): 22 – 29.

Ng V, Sargeant JM. 2012. A stakeholder-informed approach to the identification of criteria for the prioritization of zoonoses in Canada. PLoS ONE 7(1): e29752. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0029752

Snedeker KG, Totton S, Sargeant JM. 2012, Completeness of reporting in abstracts from clinical trials of pre-harvest interventions against foodborne pathogens. Prev. Vet. Med. 104: 15 – 22.

Jacob ME, Almes KM, Shi X, Sargeant JM, Nagaraja TG, 2011. Escherichia coli O157 Diversity in Bovine Fecal Sample.  Foodborne Path Dis (Research note). 74: 11860.

MacDonald LE , Brett J, Kelton DF, Majowicz SE, Snedeker K, Sargeant, JM. 2011. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of pasteurization on milk vitamins, and evidence for raw milk consumption and other health related outcomes. Journal of Food Protection. 74(11): 1814 – 1832.

Snedeker KG, Campbell M, Sargeant JM. 2011. A systematic review of vaccinations to reduce the shedding of E. coli O157 in the feces of domestic ruminants. Zoonoses and Public Health. 59 (2): 126 – 138.

Sargeant JM, O’Connor AM, Renter DG, Kelton DF, Snedeker K, Wisener LV, Leonard EK, Guthrie AD, Faires M. 2011. Reporting of methodological features in observational studies of pre-harvest food safety. Prev Vet Med. 98: 88 – 98.

Snedeker KG, Campbell M, Totton SC, Guthrie A, Sargeant JM. 2010. Comparison of outcomes and other variables between conference abstracts and subsequent peer-reviewed papers involving pre-harvest or abattoir-level interventions against foodborne pathogens. Prev Vet Med. 97: 67 – 76.

Pham MT, Jones AQ, Sargeant JM, Marshall BJ, Dewey CE. 2010. Specialty food safety concerns and multilingual resource needs: An online survey of public health inspectors.  Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. 12: 1457 – 1462.

Wilkins W, Rajic A, Parker S, Waddell L, Sanchez J, Sargeant J, Waldner C. 2010. Examining heterogeneity in the diagnostic accuracy of culture and PCR for Salmonella spp. in swine: A systematic review/meta-regression approach. Zoon. Public Health. 57 (Suppl. 1): 121–134.

Pham MT, Jones AQ, Sargeant JM, Marshall BJ, Dewey CE. 2010. A qualitative exploration of the perceptions and information needs of public health inspectors responsible for food safety.  BMC public health. 10:345.

Denagamage T, O’Connor A, Sargeant J, McKean J. 2010. The association between sub-therapeutic antibiotics and Salmonella  Typhimurium in market weight swine: A systematic review and summation of evidence from 1950- 2007.  Zoon. Public Health. 57 (7-8): e14-22.

Snedeker KG, Totton SC, Sargeant, JM. 2010. Analysis of trends in the full publication of papers from conference abstracts involving pre-harvest or abattoir-level interventions against foodborne pathogens. Prev Vet Med 95: 1- 9.

Guerin MT, Sir C, Sargeant JM, Waddell L, O’Connor AM, Wills RW, Bailey RH, Byrd JA. The change in prevalence of Campylobacter on chicken carcasses during processing: A systematic review. Poult Sci 2010; 89(5):1070-1084.

Ravel A, Smolina E, Sargeant JM, Cook A, Marshall B, Fleury MD, Pollari F. Seasonality in human Salmonellosis: Assessment of human activities and chicken contamination as driving factors. Food Path Dis. 2010; 7(7): 785 – 794.

Sargeant JM, Majowicz SE, Sheth U, Edge VL. 2010. Perceptions of risk and optimistic bias for acute gastrointestinal illness: A population survey. Zoon. Public Health. 57 (7-8): e177-183.

O’Connor AM, Auvermann B, Bickett-Weddle D, Kirkhorn S, Sargeant JM, Ramirez A, Von Essen SG,  2010. The association between proximity to animal feeding operations and community health: A systematic review.  PLoSONE. 5:e9630.

Sargeant JM, O'Connor AM, Gardner IA, Dickson JS, Torrence ME and Consensus Meeting Participants: IR Dohoo, SL Lefebvre, PS Morley, A Ramirez, K Snedeker. 2010. The REFLECT Statement: Reporting guidelines for randomized controlled trials in livestock and food safety: Explanation and elaboration. J Food Protection. 73: 579 – 603.

Sargeant JM, O'Connor AM, Gardner IA, Dickson JS, Torrence ME and Consensus Meeting Participants: IR Dohoo, SL Lefebvre, PS Morley, A Ramirez, K Snedeker. 2010. The REFLECT Statement: Reporting guidelines for randomized controlled trials in livestock and food safety: Explanation and elaboration. Zoonoses and Public Health. 57: 105 – 136.

O’Connor AM, Sargeant JM Gardner I, Dickson J, Torrence M, Dewey CE, Dohoo I, Evans R, Gray J, Greiner M, Keefe G, Lefebvre S, Morley P, Ramirez A, Sischo W, Smith D, Snedeker, K, Sofos, J, Ward M, Wills R. 2010. The REFLECT statement: Methods and processes of creating reporting guidelines for randomized controlled trials for livestock and food safety.  Zoonoses and Public Health. 57: 95 – 104.

O’Connor AM, Sargeant JM Gardner I, Dickson J, Torrence M, Dewey CE, Dohoo I, Evans R, Gray J, Greiner M, Keefe G, Lefebvre S, Morley P, Ramirez A, Sischo W, Smith D, Snedeker, K, Sofos, J, Ward M, Wills R. 2010. The REFLECT statement: Methods and processes of creating reporting guidelines for randomized controlled trials for livestock and food safety.  Prev Vet Med. 93: 11 – 18. 

O’Connor AM, Sargeant JM Gardner I, Dickson J, Torrence M, Dewey CE, Dohoo I, Evans R, Gray J, Greiner M, Keefe G, Lefebvre S, Morley P, Ramirez A, Sischo W, Smith D, Snedeker, K, Sofos, J, Ward M, Wills R. 2010. The REFLECT statement: Methods and processes of creating reporting guidelines for randomized controlled trials for livestock and food safety.  J Vet Int Med. 24: 57-64. 

O’Connor AM, Sargeant JM Gardner I, Dickson J, Torrence M, Dewey CE, Dohoo I, Evans R, Gray J, Greiner M, Keefe G, Lefebvre S, Morley P, Ramirez A, Sischo W, Smith D, Snedeker, K, Sofos, J, Ward M, Wills R. 2010. The REFLECT statement: Methods and processes of creating reporting guidelines for randomized controlled trials for livestock and food safety.  J Food Protection. 73: 132-139.

O’Connor AM, Sargeant JM Gardner I, Dickson J, Torrence M, Dewey CE, Dohoo I, Evans R, Gray J, Greiner M, Keefe G, Lefebvre S, Morley P, Ramirez A, Sischo W, Smith D, Snedeker, K, Sofos, J, Ward M, Wills R. 2010. The REFLECT statement: Methods and processes of creating reporting guidelines for randomized controlled trials for livestock and food safety.  J Swine Health Prod. 18: 18-26.

Sargeant JM, Thompson A, Valcour J, Elgie R, Saint-Onge J, Marcynuk P, Snedeker P. 2010.

Quality of reporting of small animal clinical trials and associations with treatment effects. J Vet Int Med. 24: 44-50.

Walker C , Shi X., Sanderson M, Sargeant J, Nagaraja TG. 2010. Prevalence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in gut contents of beef cattle at slaughter. Food Path Dis. 7: 249-255.

Karmali MA, Gannon V, Sargeant JM. 2010. Verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC). Vet. Microbiol. 140: 360 – 370.