• Office
  • Stewart Bldg. 2502
  • 54045

Jan Sargeant

Director CPHAZ   |   Professor   |   DVM, MSc, PhD (Guelph) FCAHS

Profile

Areas of interest:

  • Zoonotic disease prevention and control
  • Food and water safety
  • Role of veterinary medicine in public health
  • Input of research to public health decision making
  • Epidemiological methods, reporting of research results

Co-author of the STROBE-Vet statement (www.strobevet-statement.org)

Co-author of the REFLECT statement (www.reflect-statement.org)

Partner in SYREAF (www.syreaf.org)

Research Interests

  • Systematic reviews in agri-food public health
  • Policy research in microbial food safety
  • Burden of gastrointestinal illness, perception of risk of gastrointestinal illness

Teaching

I contribute to teaching public health in the DVM curriculum.

I coordinate and co-teach the following graduate level courses:

      POPM*6520 Introduction to Epidemiology and Statistics (Questionnaire design component)

     

 

Selected Publications

Recent publications include:

Sargeant JM, O’Connor AM, Cullen JM, Makielski KM, Jones-Bitton A. 2017. What’s in a name? The incorrect use of case series as a study design label in studies involving dogs and cats.  J Vet Int Med. 31: 1035 – 1042.

O’Connor AM, Auvermann BW, Dzikamunhenga RS, Glanvill JM, Higgins JPT, Kirychuk SP, Sargeant JM, Totton SC, Woods H, VonEssen SG. 2017. Updated systematic review: Associations between proximity to animal feeding operations and health of individuals in

nearby communities. Systematic Reviews 6:86.  DOI 10.1186/s13643-017-0465-z.

Wright CJ, Sargeant JM, Edge VL, Ford JD, Farahbakhsh K, Rigolet Inuit Community Government, Shiwak I, Flowers C, IHACC Research Team, and Harper SL. 2017. Water quality and health in northern Canada: Stored drinking water and acute gastrointestinal illness in Labrador Inuit. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. DOI 10.1007/s11356-017-9695-9.

Todd CG, Leslie KE, Millman ST, Bielmann V, Anderson NG, Sargeant JM, DeVries TJ. 2017. Clinical trial on the effects of a free-access acidified milk replacer feeding program on health and growth of dairy replacement heifers and veal calves. Journal of Dairy Science. 100: 713 – 725.

Cullen JN, Sargeant JM, Makielski KM, O’Connor AM. 2016. The case-control design in veterinary sciences: A survey.  Preventive Veterinary Medicine. 134: 179-187.

Kisiel LM, Jones-Bitton A, Sargeant JM, Coe JB, Flockart DTT, Palomar AR, Vargas EJC, Greer AL. 2016. Owned dog ecology and demography in Villa de Tezontepec, Hidalgo, Mexico. Preventive Veterinary Medicine. 135: 37-46.

Sargeant JM, O’Connor AM, Dohoo IR, Erb HN, Cevallos M, Egger M, Ersboll AK, Martin SW, Neilsen LR, Pearl DL, Pfeiffer DU, Sanchez J, Torrence ME, Vigre H, Waldner C, Ward MP. 2016. Methods and processes of developing the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology – Veterinary (STROBE-Vet) statement.  2016. J Vet Int Med, 30: 1887 - 1895.

Sargeant JM, O’Connor AM, Dohoo IR, Erb HN, Cevallos M, Egger M, Ersboll AK, Martin SW, Neilsen LR, Pearl DL, Pfeiffer DU, Sanchez J, Torrence ME, Vigre H, Waldner C, Ward MP. 2016. Methods and processes of developing the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology – Veterinary (STROBE-Vet) statement. J Food Protect. 79: 2211 - 2219

Sargeant JM, O’Connor AM, Dohoo IR, Erb HN, Cevallos M, Egger M, Ersboll AK, Martin SW, Neilsen LR, Pearl DL, Pfeiffer DU, Sanchez J, Torrence ME, Vigre H, Waldner C, Ward MP. 2016. Methods and processes of developing the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology – Veterinary (STROBE-Vet) statement.  Preventive Veterinary Medicine. 134: 188-196.

Sargeant JM, O’Connor AM, Dohoo IR, Erb HN, Cevallos M, Egger M, Ersboll AK, Martin SW, Neilsen LR, Pearl DL, Pfeiffer DU, Sanchez J, Torrence ME, Vigre H, Waldner C, Ward MP. 2016. Methods and processes of developing the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology – Veterinary (STROBE-Vet) statement. J Swine Health and Prod. 24: 315 – 325.

Sargeant JM, O’Connor AM, Dohoo IR, Erb HN, Cevallos M, Egger M, Ersboll AK, Martin SW, Neilsen LR, Pearl DL, Pfeiffer DU, Sanchez J, Torrence ME, Vigre H, Waldner C, Ward MP. 2016. Methods and processes of developing the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology – Veterinary (STROBE-Vet) statement.  Zoon Public Health. 63:  651 – 661.

O’Connor AM, Sargeant JM, Dohoo IR, Erb HN, Cevallos M, Egger M, Ersboll AK, Martin SW, Neilsen LR, Pearl DL, Pfeiffer DU, Sanchez J, Torrence ME, Vigre H, Waldner C, Ward MP. 2016. Explanation and Elaboration Document for the STROBE-Vet statement: Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology – Veterinary extension. 2016. J Vet Int Med. 30: 1896 – 1928.

O’Connor AM, Sargeant JM, Dohoo IR, Erb HN, Cevallos M, Egger M, Ersboll AK, Martin SW, Neilsen LR, Pearl DL, Pfeiffer DU, Sanchez J, Torrence ME, Vigre H, Waldner C, Ward MP. 2016. Explanation and Elaboration Document for the STROBE-Vet statement: Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology – Veterinary extension. Zoon Public Health. 63:  662 – 698.

Todd C, Leslie KE, Millman ST, Sargeant JM, Migdal H, Shore K, Anderson NG, DeVries TJ. 2016. Milk replacer acidification for free-access feeding: Effects on the performance and health of veal calves. Open Journal of Animal Sciences, 6: 234-246. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ojas.2016.63029

Williams-Nguyen J, Bueno I, Sargeant JM, Nault AJ, Singer RS. 2016. What is the evidence that point sources of anthropogenic effluent increase antibiotic resistance in the environment? Protocol for a systematic review. Animal Health Research Reviews. 17(1): 9-15.

Sargeant JM, O’Connor AM. 2016. Introducing a special issue with a focus on systematic reviews. Animal Health Research Reviews. 17(1): 1-2.

Sargeant JM, O’Connor AM. 2016. Potential for meta-analysis in the realm of preharvest food safety. Microbiology Spectrum (American Society for Microbiology Press), 4(5). doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.PFS-0004-2014

Pham MT, Waddell L, Rajic A, Sargeant JM, Papadopoulos A, McEwen SA. 2016. Implications of applying methodological shortcuts to expedite systematic reviews: Three case studies using systematic reviews from agri-food public health. Research Synthesis methods.  DOI: 10.1002/jrsm.1215

Ng V, Sargeant JM. 2016.  Prioritizing zoonotic diseases: Differences in perspectives between human and animal health professionals in North America.  Zoonoses and Public Health, 63(3):196-211. doi: 10.1111/zph.12220.

Wallar LE, McEwen SA, Sargeant JM, Mercer NJ, Garland SE, Papadopoulos A. 2016. Development of a tiered framework for public health capacity in Canada Public Health. Public Health. doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2016.03.009

Moore I, Coe JB, Adams CL, Conlon PD, Sargeant JM.  2015. Exploring the impact of toxic attitudes and a toxic environment on the veterinary healthcare team. Front Vet Sci. 23(2): Article 78.

Varga C, Pearl DL, McEwen SA, Sargeant JM, Pollari F, Guerin MT. Spatial-temporal epidemiology of human Salmonella Enteritidis infections with major phage types (PTs 1, 4, 5b, 8, 13, and 13a) in Ontario, Canada, 2008-2009. BMC Public Health. 2015 Dec 17;15:1247. doi: 10.1186/s12889-015-2592-6.

O’Connor AM, Sargeant JM. 2015. Research synthesis in veterinary science: Narrative reviews, systematic reviews and meta-analysis.  The Veterinary Journal. 206(3): 261-267. doi:10.1016/j.tvjl.2015.08.025

Varga C, Pearl D, McEwen S, Sargeant J, Pollari F, Michele G. 2015. Area-level global and local clustering of human Salmonella Enteritidis infection rates in the city of Toronto, Canada.  BMC Infectious Diseases, Aug 21;15:359. doi: 10.1186/s12879-015-1106-6.

Lambert K, Coe J, Niel L, Dewey C, Sargeant JM. 2015. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the proportion of dogs surrendered for dog-related and owner-related reasons. Prev Vet Med. 118(1):148-60.

Wisener LV, Sargeant JM, O’Connor AM, Faires MC, Glass-Kaastra. SK. 2015. The use of direct-fed microbials to reduce shedding of Escherichia coli O157 in beef cattle: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Zoonoses and Public Health. 62: 75 – 158.

O'Connor AM, Auvermann BW, Higgins JP, Kirychuk SP, Sargeant JM, Von Essen SG, Glanville JM, Wood H. 2014. The association between proximity to animal-feeding operations and community health: a protocol for updating a systematic review. Syst Rev. 3:99.

O'Connor AM, Sargeant JM. 2014. Critical appraisal of studies using laboratory animal models. ILAR J. 55(3):405-17.

Keithlin J, Sargeant J, Thomas MK, Fazil A. 2014. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the proportion of Campylobacter cases that develop chronic sequelae. BMC Public Health. 14(1):1203.

Keithlin J, Sargeant JM, Thomas MK, Fazil A. 2015. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the proportion of non-typhoidal Salmonella cases that develop chronic sequelae. Epidemiol Infect. 143(7):1333-51.

Pham M, Rajic A, Greig J, Sargeant J, Papadopoulos A, McEwen SA. 2014. A scoping review of scoping reviews: Advancing the approach and enhancing the consistency. Research Synthesis Methods, 5: 371 – 385.

O’Connor AM, Sargeant JM.  2014. Finally, the opportunity to publish systematic review protocols, systemic reviews and guidelines in animal health, animal welfare, and food safety. Animal Health Research Reviews (Editorial).15:1 – 2.

O’Connor AM, Sargeant JM. 2014. An introduction to systematic reviews in animal health, animal welfare and food safety. Animal Health Research Reviews. 15:3 – 13.

Anderson MEC, Sargeant JM, Weese JS. 2014. Video observation of hand hygiene practices during routine companion animal appointments and the effect of a poster intervention on hand hygiene compliance. BMC Veterinary Research. 10: 106.

O’Neill TJ, Sargeant JM, Poljak Z.  2014. A systematic review and meta-analysis of Phase I inactivated vaccines to reduce the shedding of Coxiella burnetii from sheep and goats from routes of public health importance. Zoonoses and Public Health. 61; 519-533.

McLinden, T, Sargeant, JM, Thomas, MK, Papadopoulos A, Fazil A. 2014. The association between component costs, study methodologies, and foodborne illness-related factors to the cost of non-typhoidal salmonella illness. Food Path Dis. 11: 718 – 726.

McLinden, T, Sargeant, JM, Thomas, MK, Papadopoulos A, Fazil A. 2014. Component costs of foodborne illness: A scoping review. BMC Public Health, 14:509  doi:10.1186/1471-2458-14-509.

Stull JW, Brophy J, Sargeant JM, Peregrine AS, Lawson ML, Ramphal R, Samson L, Bowes J, Weese JS. 2014. Knowledge, attitudes and practices related to pet contact and associated zoonoses in households with immunocompromised cancer and immunocompetent pediatric diabetes patients. Journal of Pediatrics.165(2):348-355.

Majowicz SE, Scallan E, Jones-Bitton A, Sargeant JM, Stapleton J, Angulo FJ, Yeung DH, Kirk MD. 2014. Global Incidence of Human Shiga Toxin–Producing Escherichia coli Infections and Deaths: A Systematic Review and Knowledge Synthesis. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. 11; 447-455 DOI: 10.1089/fpd.2013.1704

Sargeant JM, O’Connor AM, 2014. Introduction to systematic reviews in animal agriculture and veterinary medicine.  Zoon. Public Health. 61 (S10); 3 – 9.

Sargeant JM, Kelton DF, O’Connor AM., 2014. Study designs and systematic review of interventions: building evidence across study designs. Zoon. Public Health. 61 (S10); 10 – 17.

Sargeant JM, Kelton DF, O’Connor AM, 2014. Randomized controlled trials and challenge trials: Design and criterion for validity. Zoon. Public Health. 61 (S1); 18 – 27.

O’Connor AM, Anderson KM, Goodell CK, Sargeant JM, 2014. Conducting systematic reviews of intervention questions I: Writing the review protocol, formulating the question and searching the literature. Zoon. Public Health. 61 (S1); 28-38.

Sargeant JM, O’Connor AM., 2014. Conducting systematic reviews of intervention questions II. Relevance screening, data extraction, assessing the risk of bias, presenting the results and interpreting the findings. Zoon. Public Health. 61 (S1); 39-51.

O’Connor AM, Sargeant JM, Wang C., 2014. Conducting systematic reviews of intervention questions III: Synthesizing data from intervention studies using quantitative approaches (meta-analysis). Zoon. Public Health. 61 (S1); 52-63.

Moore IC, Coe JB, Adams CL, Conlon PD, Sargeant JM. 2014. The role of veterinary team effectiveness in job satisfaction and burnout within companion animal veterinary clinics.       JAVMA. 245(5):513-524.

Bromley KL, Sargeant JM, Jones-Bitton A, Egan C. 2014. Epidemiology of gastroenteritis outbreaks in Ontario long-term care homes, 2007-2010.  Canadian Journal of Infection Control. 29; 9 – 17.

Sargeant JM, O’Connor AM., 2014. Issues of reporting in observational studies in veterinary medicine. Prev Vet Med. 113: 323-330.

O’Connor AM, Sargeant JM., 2014. Meta-analyses including data from observational studies. Prev Vet Med. 113: 313-323.

Keithlin J, Sargeant J, Thomas MK, Fazil A. 2014. Chronic sequelae of E. coli O157: Systematic review and meta-analysis of the proportion of E. coli O157 cases that develop chronic sequelae. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. 11: 79 – 95.

O’Neill TJ, Sargeant JM, Poljak Z. 2014. The effectiveness of Coxiella burnetii vaccines in occupationally exposed populations: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Zoonoses Public Health. 61 (2), 81–96.

Procter TD, Pearl DL, Finley RL, Leonard EK, Janecko N, Reid-Smith RJ, Weese JS, Peregrine AS, Sargeant JM.  2014. A cross-sectional study examining the prevalence and risk factors for anti-microbial-resistant generic Escherichia coli in domestic dogs that frequent dog parks in three cities in South-western Ontario, Canada. Zoonosis and Public Health.  61: 208 - 218.

Procter TD, Pearl DL, Finley RL, Leonard EK, Janecko N, Reid-Smith RJ, Weese JS, Peregrine AS, Sargeant JM.  2014. A cross-sectional study examining Campylobacter and other zoonotic enteric pathogens in dogs that frequent dog parks in three cities in South-western Ontario and risk factors for shedding of Campylobacter spp. Zoonoses and Public Health. 61: 250 – 259.

Wisener LV, Sargeant JM, O’Connor AM, Faires MC, Glass-Kaastra SK, 2014. The evidentiary value of challenge trials for three pre-harvest food safety topics: A systematic assessment. Zoonoses and Public Health. 61: 449-476.

Varga C, Pearl DL, McEwen SA, Sargeant JM, Pollari F, Guerin MT. 2013. Evaluating area-level spatial clustering of Salmonella Enteritidis infections and their socioeconomic determinants in the Greater Toronto area, Ontario, Canada (2007-2009): A retrospective population-based ecological study. BMC Public Health.13:1078.

O’Connor A, Dzikamunhenga R, Sargeant J, Glanville J, Wood H. 2013. Preparatory work for future development of four scientific opinions on monitoring procedures at slaughterhouses.  External scientific report to the European Food Safety Authority. EFSA supporting publication 2013:EN-467  

Ng V, Sargeant JM. 2013. A Quantitative Approach to the Prioritization of Zoonotic Diseases in North America: A Health Professionals’ Perspective. PLoS ONE 8(8): e72172. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0072172.

Varga C, Pearl DL, McEwen SA, Sargeant JM, Pollari F, Guerin MT. 2013. Incidence, distribution, seasonality, and demographic risk factors of Salmonella Enteritidis human infections in Ontario, Canada, 2007-2009.  BMC Infectious Diseases. May 10;13:212. doi: 10.1186/1471-2334-13-212.

Stull JW, Peregrine AS, Sargeant JM, Weese JS. 2013. Pet husbandry and infection control practices related to zoonotic disease risks in Ontario, Canada. BMC Public Health. 13:520. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-520

Isaacs S, Valaitis R, Newbold KB, Black M, Sargeant J. 2013. Brokering for the primary health care needs of recent immigrant families in Atlantic, Canada.   Prim Health Care Res Dev. 14:63-79.

Isaacs S, Valaitis R, Newbold KB, Black M, Sargeant J. 2013. Competence trust among providers as fundamental to a culturally competent primary health care system for immigrant families. Prim Health Care Res Dev. 14:80-89.

Snedeker KG, Anderson ME, Sargeant JM, Weese JS. 2013. A survey of Canadian public health personnel regarding knowledge, practice and education of zoonotic diseases. Zoonoses Public Health. 60: 519-525.

Marcynuk PB, Flint JA, Sargeant JM, Jones-Bitton A, Brito AM, Luna CF, Szilassy E, Thomas MK, Lapa TM. Perez E, Costa AM. 2013. Comparison of the burden of diarrhoeal illness among individuals with and without household cisterns in northeast Brazil. BMC Infect Dis. 13: 65. doi:  10.1186/1471-2334-13-65

Smadi H, Sargeant JM. 2013. Review of Canadian literature to estimate risks associated with Salmonella in broilers from retail to consumption in Canadian homes.  Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 53: 694-705.

Smadi H, Sargeant JM. 2013. Quantitative risk assessment of human Salmonellosis in Canadian broiler chicken breast from retail to consumption. Risk Analysis. 33: 232-248.