Regenerative medicine is an evolving research field, which employs stem cell therapy and engineering techniques to treat diseases that currently have limited or no treatment options. Regenerative medicine deals with the regrowth, repair and replacement of diseased cells, tissues, and organs in order to restore normal physiological function. This is a multidisciplinary research field which combines developmental biology, materials science, cell biology, engineering and medical knowledge for treatment of various diseases and disorders.
Stem cells have the innate, indefinite potential of differentiating into specialized cells, thereby acting as an internal repair mechanism for cellular damage within the body. Tissue engineering uses various biomaterials, cells and biologically active molecules to construct viable organs for implantation into a host organism. Regenerative medicine promotes multidisciplinary integration of fundamental and pre-clinical research. This research can then be translated into human clinical trials and studies, with the aim of enhancing medical practice and human health. This emerging area of research develops methods to treat diseases, injuries and congenital conditions that currently have no known long-term treatment.