Public Health Research

CPHAZ research contributes scientific information to community health programs, prevention and management guidelines, and effective policies that help to keep people and animals safe and healthy. Public health is the science involved in improving the health of lives whether in your local community or across the world.

General public health topics

Britten N, Wallar LE, McEwen SA, Papadopoulos A.
Using core competencies to build an evaluative framework: outcome assessment of the University of Guelph Master of Public Health program
BMC Med Educ. 2014. July; 14: 158.

Community Health

Carstairs, Catherine.
Debating water fluoridation before Dr. Strangelove. 
Am J Public Health. 2015. 105(8): 1559-69.

Harper SL, Edge VL, Ford J, Thomas MK, Pearl D, Shirley J; IHACC; RICG, McEwen SA.
Healthcare use for gastrointestinal illness in two inuit communities: Rigolet and Iqaluit, Canada
Int. J. Circumpolar Health. 2015. May; 74: 26290.

Harper SL, Edge VL, Ford J, Thomas MK; IHACC Research Group; Rigolet Inuit Community Government, McEwen SA.
Lived experience of acute gastrointestinal illness in Rigolet, Nunatsiavut: “just suffer through it”.
Soc. Sci. Med. 2015. Feb; 126: 86-98.

Lam S, Nguyen-Viet H, Tuyet-Hanh TT, Nguyen-Mai H, Harper S.
Evidence for Public Health risks of wastewater and excreta management practices in Southeast Asia: A Scoping Review
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health. 2015. Oct; 12(10): 12863-12885.

Harper SL, Edge VL, Ford J, Willox AC, Wood M; IHACC Research Team; RICG, McEwen SA.
Climate-senstitive health priorities in Nunatsiavut, Canada
BMC Public Health. 2015. Jul; 15: 605.

Greer AL.
Early vaccine availability represents an important public health advance for the control of pandemic influenza
BMC Res Notes. 2015. May; 8: 191

Lambert K, Coe J, Niel L, Dewey C, Sargeant JM.
A systematic review and meta-analysis of the proportion of dogs surrendered for dog-related and owner-related reasons.
Prev Vet Med. 2015. 118(1): 148-160.

Harper SL, Edge VL, Ford J, Thomas MK, Pearl DL, Shirley J; IHACC, McEwen SA
Acute gastrointestinal illness in two Inuit communities: burden of illness in Rigolet and Iqaluit, Canada
Epidemiol. Infect. 2015. Oct; 143(14): 3048-63.

Pons W, McEwen SA, Pintar K, Jones-Bitton A, Young I, Papadopoulos A.
Experience, training and confidence among small, non-community drinking water system operators in Ontario, Canada
J Water Health, 12: 782-90. 2014

O’Connor AM, Auvermann BW, Higgins JP, Kirychuk SP, Sargeant JM, Von Essen SG, Glanville JM, Wood H.
The association between proximity to animal-feeding operations and community health: a protocol for updating a systematic review.
Syst. Rev. 2014. Sept; 3: 99

Ford JD, Willox AC, Chatwood S, Furgal C, Harper S, Mauro I, Pearce T.
Adapting to the effects of climate change on Inuit Health
Am. J. Public Health. 2014. Jun; 104 Suppl 3: e9-17

Laskowski M, Greer AL, Moghadas SM.
Antiviral strategies for emerging influenza viruses in remote communities
PLoS One. 2014. Feb; 9(2)

Pufall EL, Jones AQ, McEwen SA, Lyall C, Peregrine AS, Edge VL.
Community-derived research dissemination strategies in an Inuit community.
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2012. 70(5):532-541.

Tully SP, Anonychuk AM, Sanchez DM, Galvani AP, Bauch CT
Time for change? An economic evaluation of integrated cervical screening and HPV immunization programs in Canada.
Vaccine. 2012 Jan. 30(2):425-435.

Leung Z, Middleton D, Morrison K.
One Health and EcoHealth in Ontario: A qualitative study exploring how holistic and integrative approaches are shaping public health practice in Ontario.
BMC Public Health. 2012 May.

Harper SL, Edge VL, Schuster-Wallace CJ, Ar-Rushdi M, McEwen SA.
Improving Aboriginal health data capture: evidence from a health registry evaluation.
Epidemiol Infect. 2011 Nov. 139(11):1774-1783.

Thomas MK, Perez E, Majowicz SE, Reid-Smith R, Olea A, Diaz J, Solari V, McEwen SA.
Burden of acute gastrointestinal illness in the Metropolitan region, Chile, 2008.
Epidemiol Infect. 2011 Apr. 139(4):560-571.

Baxter CE, Barata PC.
The paradox of HPV vaccines: how to reach sexually inexperienced women for protection against a sexually transmitted infection.
Womens Health Issues. 2011 Jun. 21(3):239-245.

Sgro M, Campbell D, Barozzino T, Shah V.
Acute neurological findings in a national cohort of neonates with severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia.
J Perinatol. 2011 Jun. 31(6):392-396.

Zinsstag J, Schelling E, Waltner-Toews D, Tanner M.
From “one medicine” to “one health” and systemic approaches to health and well-being.
Prev Vet Med. 2011 Sep. 101(3-4):148-156.

Fitzpatrick T, Bauch CT.
The potential impact of immunization campaign budget re-allocation on global eradication of paediatric infectious diseases.
BMC Public Health. 2011 Sep. 11:739.

Bhattacharyya S, Bauch CT.
“Wait and see” vaccinating behaviour during a pandemic: a game theoretic analysis.
Vaccine. 2011 Jul. 29(33):5519-5525.

Wells CR, Tchuenche JM, Meyers LA, Galvani AP, Bauch CT.
Impact of imitation processes on the effectiveness of ring vaccination.
Bull Math Biol. 2011 Nov. 73(11):2748-2772.

Tchuenche JM, Dube N, Bhunu CP, Smith RJ, Bauch CT.
The impact of media coverage on the transmission dynamics of human influenza.
BMC Public Health. 2011 Feb. 11 Suppl 1:S5.

Johnson C.
Framing and the politics of public health: an examination of competing health narratives in Honduras.
Glob Public Health. 2010. 5(1):1-14.

Bauch CT, Bhattacharyya S.
Evolutionary game theory and social learning can determine how vaccine scares unfold.
PLoS Comput Biol. 2010 Apr. 8(4) Epub.

Bhattacharyya S, Bauch CT.
A game dynamic model for delayer strategies in vaccinating behaviour for pediatric infectious diseases.
J Theor Biol. 2010 Dec. 267(3):276-282.

Muller H, Bauch C.
When do sexual partnerships need to be accounted for in transmission models of human papillomavirus?
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2010 Feb. 7(2):635-650.

Bauch CT, Li M, Chapman G, Galvani AP.
Adherence to cervical screening in the era of human papillomavirus vaccination: how low is too low?
Lancet Infect Dis. 2010 Feb. 10(2):133-137.

Morrison KM, Xu L, Tarnopolsky M, Yusuf Z, Atkinson SA, Yusuf S.
Screening for dysglycemia in overweight youth presenting for weight management.
Diabetes Care. 2010 Apr. 35(4):711-716.

Habibzadeh, Deardon
The misspecification of infectious and latent periods in space-time epidemic models
Statistical Communications in Infectious Diseases. 2010. 2(1):Article 7.

Sander B, Kwong JC, Bauch CT, Maetzel A, McGeer A, Raboud JM, Krahn M.
Economic appraisal of Ontario’s Universal Influenza Immunization Program: a cost-utility analysis.
PLoS Med. 2010 Apr6;7(4):e1000256.

Sander B, Bauch C, Fisman DN, Fowler R, Kwong JC, McGeer A, Zivkovic Gojovic M, Krahn M.
Is a Mass Immunization Program for Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 Good Value for Money? Early Evidence from the Canadian Experience.
PLoS Curr Influenza. 2009 Dec 17:RRN1137.

Zinsstag J, Schelling E, Bonfoh B, Fooks AR, Kasymbekov J, Waltner-Toews D, Tanner M.
Towards a ‘One Health’ research and application tool box.
Vet Ital. 2009 Jan-Mar;45(1):121-33.

Prescott JF, Weese JS.
Infection control and best practice for small animal veterinary clinics.
Vet Rec. 2009 Jul 11;165(2):61.

Lefebvre, S.L., Golab, G.C., Christensen, E., Castrodale, L., Aureden, K., Bialachowski, A., Gumley, N., Robinson, J., Peregrine, A., Benoit, M., Card, M.L., Van Horne, L. and Weese, J.S.
Guidelines for animal-assisted interventions in health care facilities.
American Journal of Infection Control. 2008 Mar; 36(2):78-85.

Lefebvre, S.L., Peregrine, A.S., Golab, G.C., Gumley, N.R., Waltner-Toews, D. and Weese, J.S.
A veterinary perspective on the recently published guidelines for animal-assisted interventions in health-care facilities.
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 2008 Aug; 233(3):394-402.

Sargeant JM.
The influence of veterinary epidemiology on public health: past, present and future.
Prev Vet Med. 2008 Sep; 86(3-4):250-258.

Nesbitt A, Majowicz S, Finley R, Pollari F, Pintar K, Marshall B, Cook A, Sargeant J, Wilson J, Ribble C, Knowles L. 2008.
Food consumption patterns in the Waterloo region, Ontario, Canada: A cross-sectional phone survey.
BMC Public Health. 8: 370,

M Barton, M Hawkes, D Moore, J Conly, L Nicolle, U Allen, N Boyd, J Embree, L Van Horne, N Le Saux, S Richardson, A Moore, D Tran, V Waters, M Vearncombe, K Katz, JS Weese, J Embil, M Ofner-Agostini, EL Ford-Jones.
Guidelines for the prevention and management of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: a perspective for Canadian health care practitioners.
Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol 2006; 17;4C-26C.

Microbial Food Safety Policy

Young I, Waddell L, Sanchez J, Wilhelm B, McEwen SA, Rajić A
The application of knowledge synthesis methods in agri-food public health: recent advancements, challenges and opportunities
Prev. Vet. Med. 2014. Mar; 113(4): 339-55.

Davidson VJ, Ravel A, Nguyen TN, Fazil A, Ruzante JM.
Food-specific attribution of selected gastrointestinal illnesses: estimates from a Canadian expert elicitation survey.
Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2011 Sep. 8(9):983-995.

Sargeant JM, O’Connor AM, Gardner IA, Dickson JS, Torrence ME, Dohoo IR, Lefebvre SL, Morley PS, Ramirez A, Snedeker K.
The REFLECT statement: reporting guidelines for randomized controlled trials in livestock and food safety: explanation and elaboration.
J Food Prot. 2010 Mar. 73(3):579-603.

Rodriguez-Palacios A, Reid-Smith RJ, Staempfli HR, Weese JS.
Clostridium difficile survives minimal temperature recommended for cooking ground meats.
Anaerobe. 2010 Oct. 16(5):540-542.

Weese JS.
Clostridium difficile in food–innocent bystander or serious threat?
Clin Microbiol Infect. 2010 Jan. 16(1):3-10.

Young I, Rajic A, Letellier A, Cox B, Leslie M, Sanei B, McEwen SA.
Knowledge and attitudes toward food safety and use of good production practices among Canadian broiler chicken producers.
J Food Prot. 2010 Ju73(7):1278-1287

Young I, Rajic A, Hendrick S, Parker S, Sanchez J, McClure JT, McEwen SA
Attitudes towards the Canadian quality milk program and use of good production practices among Canadian dairy producers.
Prev Vet Med. 2010 Apr. 94(1-2):43-53.

Young I, Hendrick S, Parker S, Rajic A, McClure JT, Sanchez J, McEwen SA
Knowledge and attitudes towards food safety among Canadian dairy producers.
Prev Vet Med. 2010 Apr. 94(1-2):65-76.

Pham MT, Jones AQ, Sargeant JM, Marshall BJ, Dewey CE.
Specialty food safety concerns and multilingual resource needs: an online survey of public health inspectors.
Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2010 Dec.

Pham MT, Jones AQ, Sargeant JM, Marshall BJ, Dewey CE.
A qualitative exploration of the perceptions and information needs of public health inspectors responsible for food safety.
BMC Public Health. 2010 Jun. 10:345.

Weese JS, Prescott JF.
Assessment of laboratory and biosafety practices associated with bacterial culture in veterinary clinics.
J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2009 Feb 1;234(3):352-8.

Rajic A, Waddell L, Sargeant J, Read S, Farber J, Firth MJ, Chambers A.
An overview of microbial food safety programs in beef, pork, and poultry from farm to processing in Canada.
J Food Protection. 2007; 70(5): 1286-1294.

Sargeant JM, Ramsingh B, Wilkins A, Travis RG, Gavrus D, Snelgrove JW.
Constraints to microbial food safety policy: Opinions from stakeholder groups along the farm to fork continuum.
Zoonoses and Public Health. 2007; 54: 177-184.

Zoonotic Disease Transmission Potential

Stull JW, Weese JS.
Hospital-associated infections in small animal practice
Vet. Clin. North Amer. Small Anim. Pract. 2015. Mar; 45(2): 217-33

Ng V, Sargeant JM
Prioritizing Zoonotic Diseases: Differences in Perspectives Between Human and Animal Health Professionals in North America.
Zoonoses Public Health. 2015. Aug.

Anderson ME, Weese JS.
Video observation of sharps handling and infection control practices during routine companion animal appointments.
BMC Vet Res. 2015. Aug; 11: 185

Greer AL.
Early vaccine availability represents an important public health advance for the control of pandemic influenza
BMC Res Notes. 2015. May; 8: 191

Anderson ME, Sargeant JM, Weese JS.
Video observation of hand hygiene practices during routine companion animal appointments and the effect of a poster intervention on hand hygiene compliance.
BMC Vet. Res. 2014. May; 10: 106.

Hosseinkashi, Chenouri, Small, Deardon
A stochastic graph process for epidemic modelling
Canadian Journal of Statistics. 2012. 40(1):55-67.

Deardon, Habibzadeh, Chung
Spatial measurement error in infectious diseases models
Journal of Applied Statistics. 2012. Epub.

Gardner, Deardon, Darlington
Goodness-of-fit measures for individual-level infectious disease models in a Bayesian framework
Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology. 2011. 2(4):273-281

Leonard EK, Pearl DL, Finley RL, Janecko N, Peregrine AS, Reid-Smith RJ, Weese JS.
Evaluation of pet-related management factors and the risk of Salmonella spp. carriage in pet dogs from volunteer households in Ontario (2005-2006).
Zoonoses Public Health. 2011 Mar. 58(2):140-149.

Dang UJ, Bauch CT.
Can interactions between timing of vaccine-altered influenza pandemic waves and seasonality in influenza complications lead to more severe outcomes?
PLoS One. 2011. Epub.

Totton SC, Wandeler AI, Zinsstag J, Bauch CT, Ribble CS, Rosatte RC, McEwen SA.
Stray dog population demographics in Jodhpur, India following a population control/rabies vaccination program.
Prev Vet Med. 2010 Oct. 97(1):51-57.

Murphy CP, Weese JS, Reid-Smith RJ, McEwen SA.
The prevalence of bacterial contamination of surgical cold sterile solutions from community companion animal veterinary practices in southern Ontario.
Can Vet J. 2010 Jun. 51(6):634-636.

Glass SK, Pearl DL, McEwen SA, Finley R.
A province-level risk factor analysis of fluoroquinolone consumption patterns in Canada (2000-06).
J Antimicrob Chemother. 2010 Sep. 65(9):2019-2027.

Otten AM, Reid-Smith RJ, Fazil A, Weese JS
Disease transmission model for community-associated Clostridium difficile infection.
Epidemiol Infect. 2010 Jun. 138(6):907-914.

Murphy CP, Reid-Smith RJ, Weese JS, McEwen SA.
Evaluation of specific infection control practices used by companion animal veterinarians in community veterinary practices in southern Ontario.
Zoonoses Public Health. 2010 Sep. 57(6):429-438.

Peregrine AS, Barker IK, Abrams-Ogg AC, Woods JP.
Screening dogs in Ontario for Borrelia burgdorferi and Ehrlichia canis should be selective rather than routine.
Can Vet J. 2007 Jul;48(7):673.
No abstract available.

Lefebvre SL, Waltner-Toews D, Peregrine A, Reid-Smith R, Hodge L, Weese JS.
Characteristics of programs involving canine visitation of hospitalized people in Ontario.
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2006 Jul;27(7):754-8. Epub 2006 Jun 20.